Wednesday, December 28, 2016

JPEG, PNG, and EPS - What to Use & Why

When you are designing a logo for someone, or are having a logo designed by someone, you should always ask that you get it in the following formats: JPEG, PNG, EPS/AI. Each one serves a different purpose, and it's handy to have them all at your fingertips. 

Recently I had a client contact me because they were confused which format to use, so I put together this brief post to clear things up. 

Here's a breakdown of 3 different file types 
and what they're used for: 

JPEG / JPG - Joint Photographic Experts Group

JPEG: Web-friendly image, easy to use on social media and send through emails. This type of file can't be transparent, your image will always have a background. These can't be blown up larger, or they lose quality, but they can be shrunk down without pixelating the image. 

This is a graphic I recently made for work. See how this one has a white background if you drag it around?

JPEGS are often used for: Social Media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tumblr, etc.) and unless you have a very fancy phone, most phone cameras only take images in JPEG form. JPEGS are often used in Microsoft Word, or Powerpoint, and high quality JPEGS can even be used for print, but they need to be large and high quality. 

PNG - Portable Network Graphics

PNG: Web-friendly and transparent. Often used for web-design, websites, and online documents where you need your logo to be transparent. Also commonly used in Powerpoint presentations. PNGS can also be used for small print items, like business cards, but it's not ideal since PNGS are usually web quality, which is much lower quality than print files. 
Look at me! My background is transparent!
PNGs are often used for: Web design, Powerpoint presentations, and blogging. This way your logo can be against a background and it won't have a box around it. It's transparent. These are also used as watermarks on YouTube and commonly used to create graphics in digital videos. These can occasionally be used for print if absolutely necessary, but they are more often than not, web quality, and should only really be used for web purposes.


Vector (EPS or AI): These are high quality graphics that are shape-based and not pixel based. These can be blown up to billboard size, or shrunk down to a postage stamp, and they won't lose any quality. These are only used for printing, like shirts, paper-based-printing, and other print-like services because you need a special program to open, view, and edit them. 

Vector images are made of shapes, so they can be as big or small as you want with no quality loss.
Vector images are often used for: Print. Vector files are not supported on social media, and are almost exclusively used for print work. The general person may not need a vector file, but it is a MUST for business owners. This is a valuable marketing tool and you should make sure you have a vector version of your logo handy for any and all marketing or printing needs. 

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